Poinsettia: A Plant of Unique Aesthetic Beauty

Poinsettia, also known as Mexican flame flower or painted leaf, it is famous due to its combination of vibrant green and red leaves. The scientific name of Poinsettia is Euphorbia Pulcherrima. The Christmas plant Poinsettia is introduced by the first United States Minister to Mexico, named Joel Robert Poinsett in1820, and now it becomes a popular decorative plant, particularly during the eve of Christmas.

Mostly, it grows in the tropical forests. It is the most preferred choice for holiday decorations, particularly during the time of Christmas. One of the most attractive features of this plant is its brightly colored modified leaves. These leaves can be in different colors like variegated, red and white, pink and white, green and white, and bright orange.

Nature and origin of Poinsettia

It is a flowering plant of commercial importance. Its botanical recognition is with the name of Euphorbia Pulcherrima. It is from Plantae kingdom having Euphorbia genus and its family name is Euphorbiaceae. It is a plant used in Christmas in order to decorate the houses for about six weeks.


The poinsettias, iconic plants are the symbol of holiday delight. In the six weeks of Christmas, it works as an ambassador of celebrations. The stunning plants, that are originating from Mexico captivating the globe with its striking appearance of red and green foliage.

These plants have revered association with Christmas. This plant is a botanical wonder and used as an ornamental plant. It is a house plant and also cultivated in garden and lawns to enhance the beauty. Its bloom is a perennial symbol of goodwill and joy of the festive season.

These plants are especially used for decorations on the Eve of Christmas. This plant can grow up to 02-13 feet tall. These plants have the habit of bushy growth in which dark green leaves that may change into red or other colors in various conditions. Mexico and Central America are its naïve origins.

Cultural significance and uses

These lovely plants have different cultural significance in different societies. It is used as a cut flower. Different names are used for this plant in different cultures. For example: In Mexico culture, from where it is originated, this plant is called Flor de Nochebuena, which means Christmas Eve Flower.

In Spanish culture, this plant is well famous and these lovely plants of multiple colors are called Flor de Pascua, which means Easter Flower. On the other hand, in some other countries, these ornamental plants are simply known with the name of Holiday Stars and Christmas Stars.

Proper placement and needs

This beautiful plant is mostly known due to its decorative value. It is a house plant which requires broad day light. It is used as indoor and outdoor plant. In outdoor condition it is in need of 04 to 06 hours sunlight daily and in indoor you can place it in south, east or west window.


These plants absorb various pollutants and contribute for air purification. The major benefits of these plants are as under

  • It is a plant of festive decor and enhances the aesthetic beauty of Christmas and the physical beauty of the houses.
  • It is a plant of low maintenance. It can survive both in indoor and outdoor conditions with moderate sunlight and moist soil.
  • It purifies the indoor air by absorbing pollutants.
  • It is a plant of cultural and historical significance.
  • These plants are of versatile nature and long-lasting bloom.
  • These plants are of commercial value for floral industry.


To be concluded, Poinsettia plants are commonly used for festive decorations during the eve of Christmas. Basically, the plant symbolizes celebration, happiness, joy, beginning, cultural and religious significance. It gives comfort, and various positive vibes related to the holiday season.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

This plant requires minimal care. It can thrive in indirect sunlight in indoors and broad daylight of 04 to 06 hours at outdoor. Its temperature requirement is 65 F to 75 F. It demands well drainage soil and careful watering but avoid from over watering.

Yes, these plants are mildly toxic to pets.

If we care it properly, it’s bloom of colorful bracts can remain for several weeks of holiday season.

It is easy to propagate through the cutting of stem. You can cut 04 to 06 inch cutting by removing leaves and dipping it into well drained soil proper care, watering and warmth of proper light will give you a successful propagation.

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